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特朗普有意終結生在美國即為公民的政策

美國總統特朗普表示,他不希望給予非公民和非法移民在美國出生的嬰兒公民身份。

特朗普在接受有線電視節目“HBO的Axios”采訪時表示,他計劃通過行政命令終止目前美國允許新生嬰兒即獲公民身份的政策。他說: “這個正在程序中,會實現的。”

特朗普補充說:“我們是世界上唯一一個人們進來生孩子的國家,孩子一生下來就成為美國公民......擁有所有這些福利。”他說,“這個政策太荒謬了,必須結束。”

終止美國出生即為公民的政策可能會面臨法律上的挑戰。

特朗普說,他與他的法律顧問討論了這個想法,他說他被告知,取消公民身份與生俱來的政策不需要憲法修正案。

任何法律挑戰都要求法院對關于憲法第14修正案的辯論作出裁決,該修正案的原文是:“在美國出生或歸化入籍并受其(美國)管轄的所有人均為美國及其居住州的公民。“

特朗普計劃終止這一政策進一步加強了他的政府在11月6號的中期選舉之前推動移民作為重大競選議題的努力。

過去兩周,特朗普和他的保守派盟友對來自中美洲的移民大軍頻頻發出警告。這些人離美國南部邊境僅數百公里。

特朗普總統周一稱移民大軍是“對我國的入侵”,同時美國政府宣布計劃在周末前向邊境部署至少5,200名士兵。

Trump Aims to End Birthright Citizenship

U.S. President Donald Trump says he wants to deny citizenship to babies of non-citizens and unauthorized immigrants who were born in the U.S.

Trump said in an interview with the cable television news program "Axios on HBO" that he plans to terminate, by executive order, the current U.S. policy allowing birthright citizenship. "It's in the process. It'll happen," he said.

"We're the only country in the world where a person comes in and has a baby, and the baby is essentially a citizen of the United States ... with all of those benefits," Trump added. "It's ridiculous. And it has to end."

Terminating the U.S. policy would likely face legal challenges in court.

Trump said he discussed the idea with his counsel who he said informed him a constitutional amendment is not needed to end birthright citizenship.

Any legal challenges would require the courts to rule on a debate over the Constitution's 14th Amendment, which says, "All persons born or naturalized in the United States, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and of the State wherein they reside."

Trump's plans to end the policy further escalates his administration's efforts to promote immigration as a major campaign issue before the November 6 midterm elections.

The last two weeks have seen Trump and his conservative allies spread warnings about a Central American migrant caravan that is hundreds of kilometers from the southern U.S. border.

On Monday, Trump described the migrant caravan as an "invasion on our country" as his administration announced plans to deploy at least 5,200 troops to the border by the end of this week.




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